Great Wildebeest Migration: Read How 20 Million Animals Travel Across Countries in Africa
At one time this was listed as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa. It is quite an intriguing topic to note.
The Great Migration is also known as the Great Wildebeest Migration. It is the center stage where the greatest wildlife show on earth is played.
The whole scene is created as more than 2 million (2,000,000) wildebeest along with gazelle and Zebra stragglers charge toward better grazing areas.
This enormous migration making it the most unique Safari experience in Africa for both tourists and locals.
Where does it take place?
It occurs between the plains of Tanzania’s Serengeti and Kenya’s Maasai Mara in the north.
The period of this great march ranges between May and December every year.
It is a natural process without an orderly map pattern. Though we might have some maps showing the traces of their travel pattern, this is mostly the work of the makers of the maps.
The best period for the Great Wildebeest Migration
It has been commonly observed that the trip dates tend to be repetitive each year.
It normally begins with the first group of animals that usually start to set out across the Serengeti hoping to get a greener pasture as a result of the rainfall that usually settles within April over the following months.
Between December and March, the herds converge in the Serengeti and Ngorongoro planes of Northern Tanzania. The southern side is best for sporting a large herd of wildebeests.
And then between April and May, the herds begin the Great Wildebeest Migration journey by setting out facing west and northern plains to the grassier plains of the Serengeti’s Western corridor.
In June, the animals observe as the rain gradually recedes. The wildebeest and Zebra Particularly Gradually move north. Individual groups also follow forming a much larger herd.
In July, the herd reaches a major obstacle, this is the challenge of crossing the Grumeti River.
The river can get extremely deep in quite a lot of places; it gets more difficult especially when heavy rainfalls were experienced within the period.
Many of the wildebeest are at risk of drowning as the herd marches forward through the powerful currents of the waters in the river.
There are also a lot of crocodiles in this same river, making the tedious crossing end with thousands of casualties.
The vicious crocodiles often ensure a reduction in the numbers of immigrants by catching some of them as prey while they cross the waters.
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Kenya: The Journey Continues
The migration in Kenya bears some similarity with the first discussed above.
The grasses of the Western Serengeti begin to turn yellow and the wildebeest are forced to continue their journey north.
After the challenge of crossing the Grumeti River in Tanzania has been overcome, both the herds of wildebeest and Zebras head to the Mara Triangle.
On their way there, another obstacle lies waiting, this is called the ‘Mara River. Unfortunately, for the animals, the river is also filled with hungry crocodiles.
In September, the Mara plains are filled to the brim with large herds of wildebeest and Zebra. The herd is followed by natural predators that slowly tag along.
Between November and December, the rains start in the south and the herds begin another long journey back to Tanzania to give birth to their young.
Watching the herd of wildebeest and Zebra migrate from one location to the next is an awesome experience for those willing to explore the wonders of the African Safari.
This whole experience can be observed personally by tourists, with helicopter rides and drone shots.
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