Africa is best known for a wide range of things. Read more to find out
The Discovery of African emerged some hidden facts and places Africa has been known for. The intriguing nature of Africa has lured a lot of foreigners to its cities, towns, jangles, desert and many others. Aside the rich and unique culture and features it possesses, Africa is best known and blessed with serenity and mind blowing places you will love to visit.
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
1.One famous thing that Africa is best known for is their diverse Ethnic groups
The diversity of African ethnic groups are very unique with it different languages
There are over 1500 languages in Africa and about hundreds of different cultural traditions, festivals, costumes and rituals to discover.
From the Maasai in East Africa and the San Bushmen of the Pans to the Yoruba ethnic group based in and around Nigeria and the Himba tribe found in Northern Namibia, there are so many different groups to learn about.
Each tribe takes great pride in protecting their cultural heritage, which is what has ensured the traditions and rites remain intact to this day.
2. Wildlife is another famous thing Africa is best known
Wildlife is one of the real highlights of Africa, with beasts, bugs and birds big and small enticing travellers from all over the world. Animals like lion, leopard, African elephant, rhino and buffalo are one of the main draws to Africa, with nations such as Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa being popular tourist destinations. Safaris in sprawling wildlife reserves allow travellers to witness these majestic animals in their natural habitat, with much of the money from the safaris going back into the protection of the species.
As you can imagine, you could easily spend a lot of money and time discovering Africa’s array of wildlife, so you might want to prioritise which species are top of your bucket list before planning your trip. Of course, wildlife is just that though, wild, so sightings are never guaranteed, but you’re likely to see some friendly giraffe, zebra and antelope at the very least.
3. The sub Saharan Desert is another thing Africa is best known for
The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert covering approximately 3.6 million square miles (around the size of the United States!). The desert sprawls into 11 countries (Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Chad, Morocco, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, and Sudan) yet only around 2 million people actually call the desert home.
It is not the largest of all deserts though, that crown going to Antarctica, a region that despite being covered in ice and snow actually does not receive very much (if any) rainfall!
Although much of the Sahara is now a dry, barren landscape, it is thought that before 8000 B.C. this region featured lush savannah and grassland which would have been home to grazing animals and fertile farmland! Even today the desert is surprisingly home to around 1200 species of plant.
4. Ancient Egyptians is also another famous thing best known in Africa
Going back even further than many of the tribes of sub-Saharan African are the Ancient Egyptians. Their history is thought to have begun around 3200 B.C. with King Menes uniting the Upper and Lower Kingdoms to create a powerful dynasty.
It is the famous Pyramids of Giza that we admire today though, The Great Pyramid having been built with mammoth limestone blocks each one weighing around the same weight as two and a half elephants! This feat of engineering, as well as Ancient Egyptian rituals of mummification, their knowledge of astronomy and their hieroglyphic language still continue to fascinate both historians and travellers.
The murals, statues and carvings found on the site of the Pyramids of Giza give great insight into the lives of the Ancient Egyptians. We now know that they loved bread and beer, worshipped more than 1000 different gods and goddesses and that they were the first to create a calendar of 365 days split into 12 months.
If mountains are more your scene, then you’re also in luck in Africa as the continent features a range of towering peaks including Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Mount Menu, the Atlas Mountains and Mount Elgon just to name a few. That’s not to mention the Virunga range, home to mountain gorillas and the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains in Uganda which feature many species such as forest elephants, chimpanzees, L’Hoest monkeys and the colourful Rwenzori turaco bird.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, with its summit standing at 5895m above sea level. This is a challenging climb and one which is high up on the bucket list of many travellers. The hike to the top takes around five to seven days, with walkers battling against cold, exhaustion and altitude en route to the summit.
6. Rivers, Lakes and Waterfalls
In addition to mountains and desert, Africa is also home to myriad rivers, lakes and waterfalls, some of which are the most famous in the world! These include Victoria Falls, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, Tugela Falls, the tallest waterfall in Africa and the Kalambo Falls on the border between Zambia and Tanzania. This last one is situated at the end of Lake Tanganyika (the longest freshwater lake in the world) which is only second in fame standings in Africa to Lake Victoria, a vast expanse of water that spans between Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
Of course, it would be amiss to mention things that Africa is known for and not mention the River Nile, the longest river in the world stretching 6,695km! The Nile flows through 11 countries (Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt) with tributaries stemming from South Sudan (the White Nile) and Ethiopia (the Blue Nile).
These water sources, among many others, are popular tourist destinations in Africa, with thousands of travellers coming to admire their power and beauty.
7. Outdoor Adventure Activities
Thanks to Africa’s stunning natural landscapes (as mentioned above), there are many outdoor activities that are offered across the continent that allow travellers to make the most of the natural beauty, while also getting their hearts racing and ticking things off their bucket lists. These activities include things like bungy jumping, white-water rafting, shark cage diving, sky diving and hiking and can be found in countries such as Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Uganda and South Africa. These are certainly once-in-a-lifetime experiences and are worth considering when planning a trip to southern Africa.
Even for those who aren’t adrenalin-junkies, there are plenty of gentler outdoor activities such as fishing, bird-watching, snorkelling, walking safaris and hot air ballooning.
The word Timbuktu is often used in the English language to refer to somewhere extraordinarily remote or far-flung, but what you might not know is that it is actually a place in the Republic of Mali in West Africa.
Historically, Timbuktu was both a centre of Islamic culture and an important trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route. Today, the city of Timbuktu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site featuring three grand mosques and 16 significant mausoleums and cemeteries. The town also boasts an important scholarly history, with libraries, university buildings and cultural centres playing a vital role in society.
9. Being the Origin of the Human Race
One of the things that stands Africa apart from other continents is that it is thought to be the origin of the human race. Charles Darwin suggested this back in the 1800s, but it wasn’t until 1974 when a 3.2-million-year-old skeleton (nicknamed ‘Lucy’) was discovered in Ethiopia, that the Western world really started to believe it.
The East African Rift zone has since been an important site for anthropologists who have looked into human ancestry and evolution. Unlike other severely fragmented finds, Lucy’s skeleton and the surrounding fossils allowed scientists to inquire into bipedalism and ancestral rituals and helped them begin to gain a clearer understanding of the timeline of Homo Sapiens.
10. Minerals and Mining
The continent is rich in minerals, particularly coal, petroleum, gold, platinum and diamonds. However, due to the lack of technology and money in Africa, minerals and mining have become one of the more controversial things that Africa is known for.
This is because of the poor conditions in which the miners are forced to work, and the corruption that is at play within these industries, which sees most of the money earnt by the mining projects going to small groups of individuals or worse, to large foreign corporations. Most notable in this field is the topic of blood diamonds, diamonds that are mined in a war zone and are sold to finance violent insurgencies.
More than half of the world’s diamonds are mined in Africa, and while some of these are ethical and sustainable, it is not always the case.
For more news, visit our website, like, follow and also comment.
You can also download our App webnationAfrica on google plays store.